Plant Cells

  1. A Plant cell has a rigid cell wall on the outside.
  2. It is usually larger in size.
  3. It cannot change its shape.
  4. Plastids are found in plant cells.
  5. Plant cells exposed to sunlight possess chlorophyll-containing plastids called chloroplasts.
  6. A mature plant cell contains a large central vacuole.
  7. Mitochondria are comparatively fewer.
  8. Cristae are tubular in plant mitochondria.
  9. Plant cells do not burst if placed in a hypotonic solution due to the presence of a cell wall.
  10. Centrioles are usually absent except in lower plants.
  11. Spindle formed during nuclear division is anastral.
  12. Golgi apparatus consists of a number of distinct or unconnected units called dictyosomes.
  13. Cytoskeleton does not contain intermediate fibres.
  14. Lysosomes are rare. Their activity is performed by specialised vacuoles.
  15. Glayoxysomes may be present.
  16. Crystal of inorganic substances may occur inside the cell.
  17. Reserve food is generally starch and fat.
  18. The adjacent cell may be connected through plasmodesmata.

Animal Cells

  1. A cell wall is absent (Schwann 1838). The cell is enclosed by a plasma membrane.
  2. An animal cell is comparatively smaller in size.
  3. An animal cell can often change its shape.
  4. Plastids are usually absent.
  5. An Animal cell often Possesses many small Vacuoles.
  6. Mitochondria are generally more numerous.
  7. Cristae are plate-like in animal mitochondria.
  8. Animal cells usually burst if placed in hypotonic.
  9. solution unless and until they possess contractile vacuoles.
  10. Centrioles are found in animal cells.
  11. Spindle formed during nuclear divisions is amphiastral.
  12. Golgi apparatus is either localized or consists of a wall connecting a single complex.
  13. Cytoskeleton contains intermediate fibre.
  14. Typical lysosomes occur in animal cells.
  15. They are absent.
  16. Crystals usually do not occur in animal cells.
  17. Reserve food is usually glycogen and fat.
  18. Adjacent cells are connecting through a number of junctions.
Difference between Animal And plant cell

Difference between Animal And plant cell

Conclusion: The common difference between Animal cells and Plant Cells. It will help for all competitive exams and academic years. stay connected for new blogs and updates.